Tall Case Clock Terminology

Pass your mouse ("mouse over") each number to view it's corresponding explanatory note.

1 Hood or Bonnet - houses movement.
2 Finial - a wood or cast brass decoration, these are brass ball-and-spire form.
3 Fretwork - a decorative gallery, this is an early Boston pattern.
4 Plinth or Chimney - decorative element.
5 Moon Phase - displays the phases of the moon cycle.
6 Lunette - the arched top area of the dial.
7 Hemisphere - a decorative terrestrial map.
8 Dial Door Lock - restricts access to dial.
9 Spandrels - decorative painted or applied corner frame elements.
10 Fluted Hood Columns - decorative element.
11 Seconds Hand or Second Bit – displays the minute seconds.
12 Dial Door - glazed door protects the dial and movement.
13 Winding Hole and Arbor - a key is inserted here to raise the weights that drive the clock movement, one for each train, time and strike.
14 Column Capital - cast brass decorations.
15 Calendar Aperture – revolving calendar dial that tracks the day of the month.
16 Line Inlay - lightwood decoration from the Chippendale and Federal period.
17 Fluted Quarter Columns - carved decorative element
18 Lock Escutcheon - frames the door lock
19 Case or Pendulum Door - allows access to weights and pendulum.
20 Column Base - cast brass decorations
21 Waist Section or Trunk - the central portion of the case
22 Waist Molding - a decorative and structural treatment
23 Brass Stop Fluting - a decorative treatment applied to fluting
24 Base Section - the lower box portion of the case
25 Base Panel - veneered with a figured mahogany
26 Inlaid Oval or Paterae - one of many varied decorative elements
27 Base Molding - a decorative treatment that supports the feet
28 Clock Foot - typically a bracket or French feet late examples have turned feet

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